Microbit and PCT2075 temperature-to-digital converter Arduino example

In this article we look at another temperature sensors – this time its the PCT2075 and we will connect it to our Microbit and see what it can do

First lets take a look at the sensor in question, this is from the datasheet

The PCT2075 is a temperature-to-digital converter featuring ±1 °C accuracy over ‑25 °C to +100 °C range. It uses an on-chip band gap temperature sensor and Sigma-Delta A‑to‑D conversion technique with an overtemperature detection output that is a drop-in replacement for other LM75 series thermal sensors.

The device contains a number of data registers: Configuration register to store the device settings such as device operation mode, OS operation mode, OS polarity and OS fault queue; temperature register to store the digital temp reading, set-point registers to store programmable over temperature shutdown and hysteresis limits, and programmable temperature sensor sampling time Tidle, that can be communicated by a controller via the 2-wire serial I²C-bus Fast-mode Plus interface.

The PCT2075 also includes an open-drain output which becomes active when the temperature exceeds the programmed limits. The OS output operates in either of two selectable modes: OS comparator mode or OS interrupt mode.

Its active state can be selected as either HIGH or LOW. The fault queue that defines the number of consecutive faults in order to activate the OS output is programmable as well as the set-point limits.

The PCT2075 can be configured for different operation conditions. It can be set in normal mode to periodically monitor the ambient temperature, or in shut-down mode to minimize power consumption.

The temperature register always stores an 11-bit two’s complement data, giving a temperature resolution of 0.125 °C. This high temperature resolution is particularly useful in applications of measuring precisely the thermal drift or runaway.

When the device is accessed the conversion in process is not interrupted and accessing the device continuously without waiting at least one conversion time between communications will not prevent the device from updating the Temp register with a new conversion result.

The new conversion result will be available immediately after the Temp register is updated. It is also possible to read just one of the temperature register bytes without lock-up.

The PCT2075 powers up in the normal operation mode with the OS in comparator mode, temperature threshold of 80 °C and hysteresis of 75 °C, so that it can be used as a stand-alone thermostat with those pre-defined temperature set points.

The default set points can be modified during manufacture and ordered under custom part number.

This is the sensor that I bought, it is an adafruit version


Parts Required

Once again for ease of use I connect an expansion board to the microbit, I feel this makes it easier to connect to a sensor like the one pictured above using connecting wire

Name Link
Microbit Offical Microbit V2 Development Board
PCT2075 PCT2075 Temperature Sensor – STEMMA QT / Qwiic
Connecting wire Free shipping Dupont line 120pcs 20cm male to male + male to female and female to female jumper wire
expansion board micro: bit expansion board


The layout below shows a Microbit, I used a Microbit v1

Black for GND
Red for V+
Blue for SDA
Yellow for SCL

microbit and pct2075 layout
microbit and pct2075 layout

Code Example

This example uses a couple of libraries, both of which can be installed using the library manager

You need the Adafruit library for the PCT2075 from https://github.com/adafruit/Adafruit_PCT2075

You also need an I2C support library from the same folks for the library above to work and that is available from – https://github.com/adafruit/Adafruit_BusIO

This is the simple test example that comes with the library

[codesyntax lang=”cpp”]

#include <Adafruit_PCT2075.h>

Adafruit_PCT2075 PCT2075;

void setup() 
  PCT2075 = Adafruit_PCT2075();

  // Wait until serial port is opened
  while (!Serial) 
  Serial.println("Adafruit PCT2075 Test");

  if (!PCT2075.begin()) 
    Serial.println("Couldn't find PCT2075 chip");
    while (1);
  Serial.println("Found PCT2075 chip");


void loop() {
  Serial.print("Temperature: "); 
  Serial.println(" C");



Open the serial monitor and you should see something like this





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